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档案文化及其内涵

                     更新时间:2017-11-08  


 

关于文化的概念说法不下百余种,虽然亚搏彩票app下载官网还不能给文化下一个十分确切的定义,但亚搏彩票app下载官网可以认为文化有广义和狭义之分,广义是指人类社会实践过程中所创造的物质财富和精神财富的总和。狭义的是指社会的意识形态,以及与之相适应的制度和组织机构,包括宗教、风俗习惯各种制度等。文化是人们对生活的需要和要求是人类生活的反映,历史的积沉,是人们的高级精神生活,她包含了一定的思想和理论,是人们对伦理、道德和秩序的认定与遵循,同时文化也是人们认识自然,思考自己,精神得以承托的框架。是人们生活生存的方式方法与准则。这里亚搏彩票app下载官网所说的是指广义的文化定义。
档案是有史以来最早产生的文献之一,也是现代社会信息的重要门类。通常指国家机构、社会组织以及个人从事政治、军事、宗教等活动直接形成的具有保存价值的各种文字、图表、声像等不同形式的历史记录。我国档案法规定“中央和县级以上地方各级各类档案馆,是集中管理档案的文化事业机构”,从而以法律的形式肯定了档案机构的工作性质和文化属性。很久以来,多数档案机构在宣传教育等方面都只是被动地发挥作用,近代社会档案界对自己的职能,包括行政职能和文化职能进行了重新评价,档案机构在传播自身的挖掘档案信息、提供咨询亚搏彩票app下载官网等方面成为主动的文化单位。因此,正确认识档案文化及其内涵,有助于亚搏彩票app下载官网从理性的高度把握档案馆的文化内涵。

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